Tepco site monitoring Fukushima Diiachi 1 Feb 2018



Fukushima radiation still high: Greenpeace


A new report by Greenpeace says Fukushima, the sight of 2011’s nuclear accident after an earthquake, still has radiation 100 times higher than normal.

Agencia EFEMARCH 1, 20182:58PM

Greenpeace says towns in Japan’s Fukushima prefecture, close to the disaster-hit Fukushima Daiichi nuclear power plant, are exposed to excessive levels of radiation.

In a report published on Thursday, Greenpeace warned all areas surveyed, including those where people have been allowed to return, had levels of radiation similar to an active nuclear facility “requiring strict controls”, despite the fact that residents had lifted restrictions on access after years of decontamination efforts.

“This is public land. Citizens, including children and pregnant women returning to their contaminated homes, are at risk of receiving radiation doses equivalent to one chest X-ray every week. This is unacceptable and a clear violation of their human rights,” Jan Vande Putte with Greenpeace Belgium, and leader of the survey, said.

Japanese authorities have said these areas are progressively returning to normality after the massive 9.1-magnitude earthquake and resulting tsunami which struck on March 11, 2011, triggering the nuclear disaster at Fukushima.

The survey said that in the towns of Namie and Iitate, located between 10 and 40 kilometres from the Fukushima Daiichi plant and where evacuation orders were partially lifted in March 2017, radiation levels continue to be “up to 100 times higher than the international limit for public exposure”.

Greenpeace also noted the “ineffectiveness of decontamination work” in these areas, saying there remained a “significant risk to health and safety for any returning evacuee”, adding that Tokyo’s policy of “effectively forcing people to return by ending housing and other financial support is not working”.

The Japanese government had said radiation levels in the reopened zones posed no risk to human health, noting that its data was corroborated by the country’s medical experts and organisations such as the United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation.

Considered the worst nuclear disaster since the 1986 Chernobyl disaster in Ukraine, the accident at Fukushima displaced tens of thousands of people, caused serious damage to the local economy.

The Lunatic Polarisation of the Social Media Silo

The survivors of the Florida school mass murder are organising by all means at hand. The media of all types, including the conspiracy nut daily, the Times, the Washington Post and the Adelaide Advertiser and the “Australian” Newspaper are reporting both on the latest routine mass murder at an American school, and on the ground swell of opposition of American students to the means by which these mass murder events are enabled.

All media are reporting it. All over the world.

To the long distance casual observer such myself to all things American, it seems to me that the organised resistance to any attempt to meaningful modernisation of US gun laws stems from diverse individuals, as is their unquestionable right, and from a peak body of gun owners, the Nation Rifle Association.

When one rationally and seriously asks oneself “how much damage can a single shooter do in 30 minutes?” the answer has to be contingent upon four things: 1. The rate of fire of the weapon. 2. How many pre loaded magazines the mass murder has 3. The target density 4. How long it takes for successful defenders to confront the mass murderer.

It is generally the case in US school shootings that the number of victims is overwhelming and devastating. Nothing has changed in about 20 years.

The rate of fire of an AR-15 style weapon is about 45 rounds per minute. As magazines generally hold about 32 rounds, it means that at rapid fire the murderer has to change magazines more than once a minute. The Florida mass murderer had, according to police, many preloaded magazines. He did not use many of them up before fleeing the scene, to be captured alive.

It could have been worse. It could have been better had he been confronted during the his frenzy of firing. Sadly, though someone was there who could have confronted him, the confrontation did not take place.

Had he been limited by US gun laws to use a “lesser” weapon, things could have been better. He would have been only able to fire fewer bullets. Less damaging bullets. He would have been slower to shoot, slower to reload perhaps.

The number of dead and wounded would have been lower in all probability had he not be allowed by law to buy a military style weapon.

Of course, once the event had been reported by all media, those with an interest in maintaining America’s current laws, including the current unfettered access of the public to military weapons, made their representations. And their protestations. These representations included attacking the “legacy” media (I guess that means TV and print – or anything other than social media based stand alone silos of single minded and narrow view points.)

One classic representation made by an advocate of the status quo made it into the “legacy” media. I’ll include it here. Its from the “Australian” newspaper of February 24-25 Feb 2018. Page 11.

https://static.spin.com/files/2018/02/dana-loesch-media-loves-shootings-1519317965-640×427.jpg Picture of National Rifle Association spokesperson D. Loesch. Photo Credit: Jim Watson / Getty

“NRA leaders emerged in unannounced appearances at the annual Conservative Political Action Conference at National Harbor in Oxen Hill, Maryland. “Evil walks among us and God help us if we don’t harden our schools and protect our kids,” said chief executive Wayne LaPierre. “The whole idea from some of our opponents that armed security makes us less safe is completely ridiculous.

“NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch accused Democrats and media outlets of exploiting the Florida shooting. “Many in the legacy media love mass shootings,” she said. “Now I am not saying that you love the tragedy, but I am saying that you love the ratings. Crying white mothers are getting gold.”

“She and Mr. LaPerre did not mention the age limit issue in their fiery remarks at CPAC.

“But Ms Loesch said on Thursday that the NRA opposed the higher age limit for rifles because, “if we are asking young men and women to go serve their country (in the military) they should be able to also have a firearm.” She added “I’m also thinking of young women” who may need a rifle for self-protection. ” end quote.

With the silo in which the NRA exits within the context of social media, the narrow band of permissible views make the statements and derogatory judgements of different views and open reporting seem reasonable. In the clear light of day where I still though, I sense no gleeful rubbing of hands at the profit value of mass murders in schools by the media. The article is on page 11, and it is reporting on the statements of people who deny absolutely that the right to bear any sort of firearm should be “fettered” at all by the actual contents and provisions of the Second Amendment.

The question has to be asked : how much money did the “legacy” press, both in the USA and around the make out of the Florida school mass murder, enabled, as it was, by a high rate of fire, relatively large calibre weapon? Probably very little or none actually. The Australian does not make much money and the story quoted above is on page 11.

The other thing that bothers me about the statements of the NRA personnel is this: The expressed resentment at the press reports imply that the NRA would rather that ordinary people had no access to the free traditional media such as TV and newspapers. The implication is they think the people of America and the world should, apparently, ignore what they call the legacy media and confine their information sources to those contained within the NRA opinion silo.

Let’s have another look at the contents of the US Second Amendment:

Second Amendment
The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution reads: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

and yet the NRA refuses the need to even acknowledge the rational and right need to impartially examine the need to restrict rapid fire military variant weapons so that school children cannot buy them, thus preventing high casualty shooting attacks upon US schools, which are now routine! Why? Because the United States has an army that these children may one day be conscripted into. Does the USA have an active Army conscription program? And even if it did, what use are dead students to the US Army? None. What use is an untrained urbanite with his own AR 15 which he or she may or may not know very much about?

An irrational call to patriotism is no answer to the thousands of American students and their parents, who, with each passing hour cry out with more and more determination “We want a well regulated right to bear arms, just like the Second Amendment says.”

And the conspiracy nuts and the chauvinists in the gun lobby complain along party lines about an issue that has surely as many Republican parents as Democrat ones. And both cohorts don’t blame the other for the facts. But both cohorts are united by the facts which led to their losses. And both are one in wanted a well regulated right to bear arms which excludes the incompetent and the latent maniac from access to rapid fire deadly weapons.

In the latest news it is revealed that at least 4 police officers refused to confront the Florida gunman. No doubt the nature of the weapon the murder was using presented the police with a suicide mission. In their minds at the time. For they could match the fire power with 4 hand guns. Suicide missions are not even compulsory in the Army.

In later news, the Adelaide Advertiser reports as follows:


Florida school shooting: NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch grilled by students
Debra Killalea, news.com.au
February 23, 2018 12:33pm

“A STUDENT who survived the Florida school massacre has lashed out at the face of America’s National Rifle Association after her appearance at a CNN forum on gun control yesterday.

The televised forum brought together a crowd of students, teachers and parents, giving them a chance to directly question politicians, law enforcement officials and lobbyists – including NRA spokeswoman Dana Loesch.

Speaking to CNN host Don Lemon after the forum, student Alfonso Calderon delivered a withering assessment of Ms Loesch’s performance.

“She isn’t living in reality. How dare she?” Mr Calderon said, accusing Ms Loesch of dodging hard questions by going off on “irrelevant” tangents. “She tip-toed around questions, and dodged the yeses and the nos.” ”

To her credit, Ms Loesch did have the guts to show up to CNN’s forum, knowing she would face a hostile crowd. And the survivors of the Florida shooting grilled her.

Student Emma Gonzalez asked whether Ms Loesch thought it should be harder for people to buy guns like the AR-15 rifle – which was used to kill 17 people at her school – and the modifications which make such weapons even deadlier.

“I don’t believe this insane monster should ever have been able to obtain a firearm,” Ms Loesch responded.

“This individual was nuts,” she said. “None of us support people who are crazy, who are a danger to themselves, who are a danger to others, getting their hands on a firearm.”

Ms Loesch told Ms Gonzalez she was on her side.

“I have kids, and I’m not just fighting for my kids. I’m fighting for you. I’m fighting for all of you. Because I don’t want anyone to ever be in this position again.”

Pressed on the specifics of the question, she continued to focus on the individual case of Florida shooter Nikolas Cruz, saying crazy people should not have guns.” end quote.

Dana, who does the diagnosis of the entire population of the USA prior to the next event? The NRA?

Why Dana do you refuse to accept that the right to bear arms is, under the contents of the full text of the US Second Amendment a right conditioned by the obligation that those that bear arms be formed into a “well regulated militia”? If you love the full text of the Second Amendment so much Dana, why do you refuse to admit that the rag tag uncontrolled “militia” that actually has no discipline and no leadership and which does not formally exist is woefully poorly regulated in direct contradiction of the Second Amendment?????

There has to be appropriate regulation of the bearers of arms in America. Why do you refuse the reality of that fact? Is it because you believe that gun owners should be in the position that they can viably confront the government of the USA?

In any event, within the space of time it will take for the next 3 school shootings to occur (give it 5 years max), people like Dana and the NRA itself will as relevant as a tobacco advert in the legacy media. Meaningless and illegal.

There’s nothing wrong with the US Secondment. It is just that it has never ever been implemented. The right is conditional upon the provisions of the first part. That is, the right to bear arms in the USA by civilians is conditional upon appropriate regulation. It is up to the entire body politic and the whole of society in the USA to rationally discuss what those regulations should be in 2018.

The mental state of people is never uniform throughout life. It can be varied in an instant by external and internal events. Someone certified fit to carry a weapon by Dana and the NRA today may be tomorrow’s shooter of innocent people. No one is immune from a brain snap.

The arguments for the appropriate regulation, mandated by the text of the Second Amendment, are clearly not an infringement of that Amendment. The arguments about what is good regulation are not binary “either or” they are “both and”. That is: you take all reasonable steps to ensure safety so that the conditions of the Second Amendment are fulfilled and only those who fulfil those mandated obligations may bear arms in an unfettered manner.

Best of luck America. It has to change or otherwise you will tear yourselves apart.

https://www.spin.com/2018/02/nra-dana-loesch-legacy-media-love-mass-shootings/ wow she actually thinks she and her association is in the majority!!!! lol.

Per the Census, there are roughly 245 million adults aged 18 and over in the U.S. Multiplying the adult population by the ownership rate gives us between 73 million and 81 million adult gun owners in the U.S. And the 5 million NRA members represent about 6 or 7 percent of that total.

Cost of hospitalization for firearm injuries by firearm, and payer in the United States

I no longer participate in Facebook. There are a number of reasons for this, not the least being the harassment at work a relative of mine suffered from subordinates in the workplace due to my antinuclear facebook content. The Mueller shows quite clearly how anti-democratic governments infiltrate social media in order to create silos of intolerance and manipulation in Western societies.

So, in matters which engage me, and for debates that I wish to participate in, my blog will, from to time, include non-nuclear topics.

The horrific mass murder of US school children and university students in the USA has over the years grabbed the attention of the whole world. Many of us who do not live in the United States cannot fathom how members of national and state governments in the USA can bear to look at themselves in the mirror every day. They have failed in their primary duty of protecting children at school. It is state and federal law which mandate that children must attend school. And so each death from any cause of a child at school is an indictment upon those who, by force of law, herd children into what are, due to the combined effects of US laws and attitudes, too often, killing fields. Given the nature of the injuries inflicted by weapons of military or semi military specifications, many survivors will suffer chronic pain, disability and repeat surgeries over many years.

The following paper details the Cost of gun shot injuries in the USA. Below the quotes from this academic paper I should include the text of the US Second Amendment and will study and discuss what the text actually says and what the text actually means. Has the provisions of the US Second Amendment actually ever been fully implemented? If not, why not?

Cost of hospitalization for firearm injuries by firearm type, intent, and payer in the United States

Corinne Peek-Asa,corresponding author1 Brandon Butcher,2 and Joseph E. Cavanaugh2 1The Department of Occupational and Environmental Health, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, 145 North Riverside Drive, S143 CPHB, Iowa City, IA 52242 USA
2The Department of Biostatistics, College of Public Health, University of Iowa, Iowa City, Iowa USA

Copyright © The Author(s). 2017
Open AccessThis article is distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/), which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons license, and indicate if changes were made.

Firearm injuries disproportionately affect young, male, non-White populations, causing substantial individual and societal burden. Annual costs for hospitalized firearm injuries have not been widely described, as most previous cost studies have focused on lifetime costs. We examined a nationally-representative database of hospitalizations in the US to estimate per-hospital and overall hospital costs for firearm injuries by intent, type of weapon, and payer source.

We conducted a retrospective cohort study of all firearm injury hospitalizations in the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013. The National Inpatient Sample, maintained by the Healthcare Utilization Project, is a stratified and weighted national sample of more than 20% of all hospitals. All admissions for firearm injuries were identified through Ecodes, yielding a weighted total of 336,785 for the study period. Average annual per-patient and overall hospital costs were estimated using generalized linear modelling, controlling for patient and hospital variables. Costs by intent, firearm type, and payer sources were estimated.

Annually from 2003 through 2013, 30,617 hospital admissions were for firearm injuries, for an annual rate of 10.1 admissions per 100,000 US population. More than 80% of hospitalizations were among individuals aged 15–44, and rates were nine times higher for males than females and nearly ten times higher for the Black than the White population. More than 60% of admissions were for assaults, and 70% of the injuries that had a known firearm type were from handguns. The average annual admission cost was $622 million. The highest per-admission costs were for injuries from assault weapons ($32,237 per admission) and for legal intervention ($33,462 per admission), but the highest total costs were for unspecific firearm type ($373 million) and assaults ($389 million). A quarter of firearm injury hospitalizations were among the uninsured, yielding average annual total costs of $155 million.

Hospitals can project that government insurance will be the highest source for firearm injury reimbursement, and depending on healthcare access laws, that many of their firearm injury admissions will not be covered by insurance.

Among all injury deaths in the United States in 2015, 17% were caused by a firearm (National Center for Injury Prevention and Control & US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, 2015; Karp, 2011). Among youth aged 15–24 this percent increased to 29.6%, and for Black youth firearms were the leading overall cause of death, resulting in 58.6% of all injury deaths. Individual firearm ownership is high but not unique to the United States, although the burden of firearm violence is: World Health Organization mortality data from 2010 indicate that US gun-related homicide rates were 25 times higher than in a comparison group of 23 high income countries (Cook & Ludwig, 1997; Council on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention Executive Committee & American Academy of Pediatrics, 2012; Grinshteyn & Hemenway, 2016). While the majority of research has been on firearm deaths, the individual, family, and community burden is also high for those with non-fatal firearm injuries.

Research to reduce the health and societal burden of firearm injuries has been lacking, and medical and public health groups have published calls to build an evidence base for prevention (Karp, 2011; Branas et al., 2017; Strong et al., 2016). Understanding the economic burden of firearm injuries is a critical element of advancing our knowledge base. Of seven studies reporting the cost burden of firearm injuries (Salemi et al., 2015; Spitzer et al., 2017; Corso et al., 2007; Lee et al., 2014; Miller, 2012; Fowler et al., 2015; Allareddy et al., 2012), two have estimated hospitalization costs for firearm injuries in the US population (Salemi et al., 2015; Spitzer et al., 2017). Salemi et al. (2015) estimated annual hospitalization costs at $679 million and reported hospitalization costs by patient and hospital (Salemi et al., 2015). Spitzer et al. (2017) estimated total hospitalization costs for the period of 2006–2014 at $6.6 billion and reported costs by payer source (Spitzer et al., 2017). Neither of these studies conducted multivariable analysis to examine cost components from firearm injuries. Of the other firearm cost studies, three focused on the overall lifetime costs associated with firearm deaths and injuries (Corso et al., 2007; Lee et al., 2014; Miller, 2012), one focused on lifetime medical costs and productivity loss (Fowler et al., 2015), and one that examined hospital costs included only children (Allareddy et al., 2012).

The aim of this study was to estimate annual and per-hospitalization cost for firearm injuries by intent, weapon type, and payer source, controlling for patient and hospital characteristics. We examined data from the National Inpatient Sample from 2003 through 2013. The healthcare industry will benefit from information about the annual direct medical costs associated with firearm injuries and the main contributors to these costs, as this information can be used to anticipate costs and to compare to a national benchmark. Information about patient characteristics, injury intent, type of weapon, and payer source will alsobe helpful, but these relationships have not been examined routinely in previous studies. These data will also be helpful to those planning intervention programs by bringing more attention to the economic burden of firearm injuries in the US. …..”

Demographic characteristics and payer source by firearm injury intent
Overall, 60.6% of firearm injuries were assaults, 22.6% were unintentional, and 8.6% were self-harm (Table ​(Table2).2). Among children, firearm injuries of unintentional intent were the most common, comprising 55.8% of firearm injuries to children aged five and younger and 42.4% of those aged five to 14. From the ages of 15 through 64, assault was the most common intent, followed by unintentional injuries. The proportion of firearm injuries caused by self-harm increased with age, reaching 38.8% among those aged 65 and over. Among this age group, 32.8% of firearm injuries were unintentional. Although assault was the most common intent for both males and females, a higher proportion of males (61.5%) than females (52.8%) were due to assault.

Costs for firearm injury hospitalizations by intent, type of weapon, and payer source
The average hospital admission costs for firearm injuries exceeded $622 million per year, which represents a small portion of overall firearm death and injury costs. Results from the multivariable model estimating annual costs per patient and total annual costs, controlling for age, race, income, disposition, death during hospitalization, year, and hospital bed size and region are presented in Table ​Table44.

For admissions for which the type of firearm was known, handguns accounted for over 70% of the costs, which exceeded $183 million. This was the highest total admission cost per known firearm type, although handgun injuries were the least costly per admission. Assault weapons, although the most expensive at over $32,000 per admission, had the lowest annual costs at $2.7 million. Admissions from shotguns, which had the second highest cost per admission, had the second highest total annual cost of over $50 million. All pairwise comparisons by type of firearm were statistically significant with p < 0.05 with the exception of handgun vs. hunting rifle.

By intent, legal intervention had the highest per-admission average cost of $33,463, followed by self-harm at $24,369. Admissions from assaults had an average per-admission cost of $20,989 but accounted for $389 million in average annual costs – by far the highest overall cost by any intent. Admissions from unintentional firearm injuries were the second highest overall annual cost at over $117 million. All pairwise comparisons were statistically significant with p < 0.05.

Among payer sources, Medicaid had both the highest per-admission average at $24,714 and the highest total annual average of more than $205 million. Uninsured patients accounted for an annual average of $155 million. In sum, government and uninsured admissions from firearm injuries accounted for nearly $400 million in average costs per year, or 65% of all firearm admission costs. All pairwise comparisons by type of firearm were statistically significant with p < 0.05 with the Medicare vs. Private/HMO.

Our cost estimates provide only a small component of the overall burden of firearm injuries. Studies reporting lifetime medical and productivity costs range from $48 to $175 billion (Corso et al., 2007; Lee et al., 2014; Miller, 2012; Fowler et al., 2015; Allareddy et al., 2012), with differences based on the source of firearm incidence data, types of firearm injuries included, sources of cost estimates, and types of costs included in the estimate. Lost productivity from premature death as well as work time loss was the largest component of these costs, with a smaller proportion from direct medical care.

We found that firearm injuries disproportionately affect youth, males, and a non-White population. These trends have been widely reported in previous research (Fowler et al., 2015; Allareddy et al., 2012; Leventhal et al., 2014). In addition, we found that assaults caused more than 60% of admissions, followed by unintentional injuries. These trends are also similar to those reported in other studies of non-fatal firearm injuries (Fowler et al., 2015; Leventhal et al., 2014). However, because firearms are such a lethal means of suicide, suicide comprises a higher proportion of firearm mortality by intent (Fowler et al., 2015). Rates of firearm hospital admissions did not change significantly from 2003 through 2013. Previous studies have found that hospitalizations decreased between 1998 and 2011 among children injured by a firearm (Kalesan et al., 2016), and for all firearm hospitalizations from 2000 to 2010 (Kalesan et al., 2013).

Handguns and assaults posed the largest overall hospitalization cost burden. Although the highest per-hospital cost was for assault weapons, handguns comprised over 70% of firearm injuries among those for which the weapon type was known and the total annual hospitalization costs were nearly $183 million. Assaults had the third-highest cost per hospitalization and were the most frequent intent, costing an annual total of nearly $373 million. Two other studies reported costs by injury intent. Fowler et al. reported lifetime medical and lost work time costs among those admitted to a hospital to be approximately $475 million for unintentional firearm injuries, $600 million for self-harm/suicide, and over $2 billion for assault/homicide (Fowler et al., 2015). Corso et al. reported the lifetime costs medical costs for assaults as $800 million and for self-harm as $124 million (this study included only violent firearm injuries) (Corso et al., 2007). While these study’s estimates are higher due to factors described above, the trends by intent are similar.

These findings demonstrate the high healthcare cost burden of firearm injuries. Firearm disproportionately impacts a young, minority, and uninsured population. Hospitals can expect that the largest proportion of treatment for firearm injury admissions will be reimbursed by public sources, and, depending on trends in health insurance coverage, that a fifth of patients will have no insurance. While individual treatment costs will be highest for assault weapon injuries and legal intervention, overall costs will be highest for handguns and assaults. Efforts to prevent firearm injuries, particularly among assaults and injuries caused by handguns, could reduce this cost burden.

This analysis was not externally funded. end partial quote. The full paper can be read here: https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5515719/

Dealing in dollars has to be translated into the cost in death and suffering, which continues for many years. Military grade weapons are commonly designed to ensure that injuries tie up as many enemy resources as possible in a war theatre. In the context of a civil society allegedly at peace with itself (?) it can be seen that the availability of variants of military specified weapons a high cost upon society and upon individuals both in terms of blood and money. Hand guns, not surprisingly are the weapons of choice of criminals seeking to rob or harm other for criminal benefit.

Every lay person on the planet knows that where mass murder is planned in the USA, the weapons of choice has been and remains those weapons patterned after military rifles such as the M16 and AR-15.
The civilian derivatives vary widely in calibre, rate of fire, accurate and inaccurate range. Everyone knows this for sure because each time there is a massacre in the USA the type of weapon used is described in published reports. Invariably, the mass murder does not use a hand gun, they do not use a bolt action weapon, they choose to use a variant of a military rifle. Of the type that is highly inaccurate in close quarter combat. You have to aim them very high to hit an actual target who is close by.

The above paper reports that : "World Health Organization mortality data from 2010 indicate that US gun-related homicide rates were 25 times higher than in a comparison group of 23 high income countries (Cook & Ludwig, 1997; Council on Injury, Violence, and Poison Prevention Executive Committee & American Academy of Pediatrics, 2012; Grinshteyn & Hemenway, 2016). While the majority of research has been on firearm deaths, the individual, family, and community burden is also high for those with non-fatal firearm injuries.

The conventional wisdom which I observe to be commonly expressed by people in support of present gun habits in the USA (which have produced the facts and consequences described in the paper above) goes something like this: As everyone in the USA is free to bear arms, everyone who does is safer than those who don’t. Therefore, if you take away the right to bear arms, everyone is becomes more vulnerable to the criminal and in particular to the mass murderer.

However, when I compare that line of reasoning as an Australian to the statistics which actually compare social safety in the USA to other comparable nations I am left wondering how people in America can claim to have created the safest of all possible societies in the context of US gun culture. For you see, the paper quoted above also states that : “Individual firearm ownership is high but not unique to the United States, although the burden of firearm violence is

When the USA is compared to nations with a similar level of gun ownership among civilians, the USA is revealed to be 25 times worse off in terms of harms caused by those civilian owned guns ?

That to me is a very important point. Why is American society so violent?

It is very difficult. I need to read the US Secondment Amendment. So here goes:

Second Amendment

The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution reads: “A well regulated Militia, being necessary to the security of a free State, the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed.”

The plain reading of the text from my perspective goes like this.
In the context of a well regulated Militia, by which the democratic State ensures its own security and the security of its people, the right of the people to bear arms is guaranteed.

The conditions which precede the right determine the obligations of both the nation and the individual in terms of gun ownership.

That is, it is with the parameters of a WELL REGULATED MILITIA that individuals have an unfettered right to bear arms.

No such militia exists in the USA. Not every gun owner is a member of the US National Guard.

Could it possibly be that the authors of second amendment were actually stipulating that to own a gun as a civilian outside of occupation use in the USA one had to become a member of the described organisation? That is the well regulated US Militia?

I think so. I can’t confirm it for the authors of the Second Amendment are dead. And it seems to me everyone has only ever paid attention to the right to bear arms and has totally ignored the obligation which precedes that right and which produces that right.

Where ever there is a right, there is always an obligation. This case is no different.

The ownership of firearms in the USA at the present time seems to me to be ill disciplined and based a upon a demonstrated myth – the myth that Americans are safer because of unfettered gun ownership.

Well the facts give the reality – people in the USA suffer 25 times the level of gun violence death and injury than other comparable nations with the same level of gun ownership. A high level of gun level ownership is NOT unique to the USA.

So what makes Americans suffer 25 times the level of gun violence than any similar advanced nation?

Are Americans just violent people? If you took away the guns would people being using machetes instead? The death toll would be lower if they did, that’s for sure.

Mass shootings of children at school in the USA have been perceived to be routine by people around the world, including myself. The failure of government to protect children at school is a grave dereliction of duty on the part of lawmakers.

Having said that, it is obvious that American society is a very violent society and the weapon of choice is the firearm. It is, basically, 25 times more violence in terms of gun death and injury than other relevant nations.

How does a government which has led a habitually violent society for generations turn schools into islands of peace and safety without addressing the actual causes of the violence in America?

I have seen no statistics which compare armaments owned by civilians in nations comparable in gun ownership to the USA.

In terms of rate of fire, range, injury types and permitted ammunition holdings though, I suspect people in the USA “enjoy” civilian access to more potent, injurious and lethal weapons than most other nations permit.

Certainly a military or variant of a military rifle is by and large illegal to own in Australia. And has been since the Port Arthur Massacre. Basically I can make a good case for owning a .22 bolt action rifle if I was so inclined, but I can’t go to Big W and buy anything resembling the weapon of choice used by people who regularly mow down children at their school desks in the USA.

And the vast majority of Australians are very thankful for that. However I have strong suspicion that were Australian law adopted for use in the USA, in this regard, it would indeed spark an armed rebellion.

I see nothing wrong with a “well regulated militia” being the only context in which civilians, on the whole, are allowed to bear arms. Join up, go to training every Friday night and Saturday morning, or else forgo your weapon. That, after all, is the proviso of the Second Amendment. Before the right comes the obligation. If you are incapable of fulfilling the obligation but still have a weapon, you are in breach of the US Second Amendment. And under it therefore you are not entitled to bear arms. Not everyone is fit for duty. Not everyone should carry a gun nor should they have the right to do so. In the absence of a cohort of people who are well regulated by an organisation to which they are subordinate, and who know each other very well because they are brothers and sisters in arms, who the hell is going to really know who should and who should not carry a gun in America?

As for the violent nature of American society compared to other compatible nations, well, if the Adult American creates, en masse, the tone of the society, who is there for the vulnerable and disturbed and angry and latently suicidal/murderous (same coin folks) to emulate and be inspired by?

Sure, I vaguely understand that the ethos of American self sufficiently dictates to many that they be able to hold off the bandits at least until the police get there, but I can also see that most victims of crime in America either can’t use their weapon in time or have it stolen from them by their assailant. In the Australian context pulling a gun on a robber or rapist is quick way for the victim to suffer and die. For the criminal is ready to act and victims do not walk down the street with weapon drawn, loaded, safety off, as if they were on point duty in the Mekong Delta in 1972.

There is in my view no valid reason for a civilian to own a military assault weapon. None what so ever. It is not needed for defence, such weapons have such as a range as to be totally inaccurate in close quarter engagements.

Unlike the statistics which reveal American society as being comparatively very violent, and the stats which show the cost of gun use and abuse in America, my views about assault rifles in the hands of civilians are just my opinions.

The question for Americans is : If we do nothing this time, what will we do next time, the time after that, and the time after that? Are bullet riddled schools and maimed and dead children really what we want on an escalating basis? How do we stop it from happening next time, and the time after that etc etc etc.

Luckily for me, I am not an American, I don’t live there, and I sure as hell don’t want Australia to import American culture. It costs too many innocent lives.

If you keep your mouth shut, you are safer in China. And yea, it seems American is moving that way too…..

Meanwhile, the organised gun lobby in the USA resists with steely determination any attempt by authorities and the people to impose well crafted, realistic regulation upon American gun ownership and purpose. As demanded by the very text of the Second Amendment.

Such regulation being the Constitutional demand imposed upon the resultant right of civilian gun in the United States of America.

Under the Second Amendment the purpose of gun ownership is for the protection of democracy. As it stands millions want change. Those that stand in the way of that change will loose eventually. The time it takes for change to occur will be clocked by an increasing body count.

There is no such thing as a right without matching obligations. All rights are conferred by the nation to the people for it is the duty of the government to make and amend laws according to the wishes of the majority. One person one vote defines the boundaries of the fundamental political freedom in a democracy. Acts of force by individuals and collections of individuals against the state and to thwart the state in the making of just laws is treason. Pure and simple.

If the most powerful nation on earth cannot keep its children safe from routine mass murder at school, how powerful is it really and what signal does its actual weakness send to the enemies of freedom?

South Australian Government Injects Social Justice with Innovative Solar + Storage and Distribution Plan

The South Australian government has recently announced a trial of a plan, which, if successful, will see people on lower incomes benefit from household solar power generation and energy storage, even though they are renting. It is about time an Australian government seriously the inequity in household energy costs suffered by people who are renting. Such people are unable to benefit from solar subsidies. Neither can they benefit, until now, from roof top solar panels. I have commented previously on this inequity – as time has passed by and as government at all levels have dithered, and as power companies have done nothing much to meet Australia’s growing energy needs, the situation for those who do not own their own home has gotten worse and worse.

I have stated previously that the idea that I should be spared the cost of electricity for the last few years – simply because I could afford to fork out for subsidized solar panels – which means I also receive a feed in tariff from my energy supplier – is unjust to the extreme. It is socially regressive. The poor and the less well off become increasingly vulnerable to totally unsubsidized power costs simply because such people cannot afford to qualify for the benefits.

In the local vernacular this is arse about face. It is inhumane.

Now at last the State Government is making a small and very belated attempt at progressive thinking in order to both generate more clean energy and to store and redistribute it. It is a small start, one which is very much over due. If introduced at the start of the Australian solar panel subsidy system instead of near the end of it, the whole nation would have benefited in a greater manner and in a fairer manner too.

The details of the scheme are explained here:


A brief quote from the site:

World’s largest ‘Virtual Power Plant’ to lower energy bills by 30%

The State Government has unveiled a plan to roll out a network of at least 50,000 home solar and battery systems across South Australia, working together to form the world’s largest Virtual Power Plant.

Beginning with a trial of 1100 Housing Trust properties, a 5kW solar panel system and 13.5kWh Tesla Powerwall 2 battery will be installed at no charge to the household and financed through the sale of electricity.

Following the trial, which has now commenced, systems are set to be installed at a further 24,000 Housing Trust properties, and then a similar deal offered to all South Australian households, with a plan for at least 50,000 households to participate over the next four years.

A registration of interest will be opened today for members of the public who wish to participate in the program.

The Government will release a market notice later this week for a retailer to deliver the program, with a preference of bringing more competition into the market.

Analysis by Frontier Economics shows the 250MW plant is expected to lower energy bills for participating households by 30 per cent.

Additionally, all South Australians will also benefit from the increased generation in the South Australian energy mix, with lower energy prices and increased energy stability.

The State Government is assisting the rollout with a $2million grant and $30million loan from the Renewable Technology Fund.” end quote.

I am heartily sick of the constant harping by conservative forces via the media about the alleged inability of renewable energy to deliver power needed. Over the years since state governments sold off power generation facilities and poles and wires, the energy market in Australia has quite deliberately been kept on an expansion path which clearly has been inadequate. Conservative forces would have it that South Australia continue to burn coal of such low quality that it could be considered to be on par with bitumen. For decades, as a result of this burning, Port Augusta has suffered one of the nation’s highest levels of lung cancer.

Happily, despite the cravings of conservatives for more fuel burning have gone unfulfilled in SA. Port Augusta is to get a solar thermal power plant.

I hope the SA government’s trial of a virtual power generation, storage and distribution will be a success, that it expands, and that indeed it does produce the promised 30% reduction in power costs for participating households.

At long last renters can directly benefit from an equitable solar power, storage and distribution system.

What took government so long to come up with this and to commence putting it in place?

It has always been my view that a percentage of the feed in tariff I receive should have been directed to a community pool of funds which would be used to lower the cost of power to renters and to other who cannot afford to buy subsidized solar panels.

Solar panels should be a compulsory component in any new dwelling and a condition of planning approval. The panels are as necessary for environmental health as toilets are.

There is one thing the fuel industry will hate to see – a clearly progressive, well planned solar program which benefits everyone and which enables an expansion in the rate of growth of energy generation which, to date, private energy suppliers have been totally unable and unwilling to produce.

Government intervention in the SA energy market is clearly over due and this new plan will not only provide relief to renters and those struggling to pay power bills, but the state and nation as a whole.

Paul Langley

Dr. Goldman Pronounces on Chernobyl, 1992


New York Times, Sept 3, 1992



“Children who were exposed to radiation from the Chernobyl nuclear power plant disaster are developing thyroid cancer sooner and in larger numbers than expected, researchers report.

The results are the first reliable data in the population downwind of the Chernobyl accident in 1986, said Dr. Marvin Goldman, a radiation biologist at the University of California at Irvine who was not involved in the new study.

An increase in thyroid cancer had been reported earlier, but some Western health officials had expressed concern about the reliability of the data. As recently as May 1991, Dr. Goldman took part in an International Atomic Energy Agency study that concluded that there were “no health disorders that could be attributed directly to radiation.” end quote.