Quote of the Day: Chester Earl “Chet” Holifield (December 3, 1903 – February 6, 1995) was a United States Representative from California….(prior to his election into politics) he engaged in the manufacture and selling of men’s apparel from 1920 to 1943. (His qualified field)….
Alvin M. Weinberg, who advocated inherent safety in reactor design, recounted an incident from 1972, where Holifield stated: “if you are concerned about the safety of reactors, then I think it may be time for you to leave nuclear energy” The design approval for the Fukushima Daiichi reactor number 1 was granted under his watch, as was the permit for the export of the design to Japan. Even though the official Empire record of the Japanese history from 869 AD records the arrival of a massive tsunami at the Fukushima coast. In constructing the plant, GE and Japan engineers blasted and bulldozed a height of about 20 feet from the land at the Fukushima plant site. They then built the reactor basements below sea level, near to the same depth as the natural ground water flow there. Handy in case of core melt they may have thought. The Pacific Ocean as core catcher. As an economy measure, TEPCO, against the advise of GE, placed the electrical system switch gear and emergency diesels for the ECCS systems in the basements instead of on the fourth floor next to the spent fuel pool. The rest is history. Source: A GE executive in Japan who knew someone I know in Japan. How come you didn’t explain this to us at the time Mr Brook? Didn’t it fit your aims even though you claim to know the significant truths about the matter?
There are 3 primary isotopes of Potassium in nature:
K39 which comprises 93.258% of all potassium. It is stable.
K41 which comprises 6.730% of all potassium. It is stable.
K40 which comprises 0.012% of all potassium. It is radioactive.
Potassium 40 (K40) Half life : 1.3 billion years.
Radioactivity in Curies: 0.0000071 curies (per gram).
Type of radiation emitted: Beta (energy 0.52 MEV), gamma energy 0.16 MeV).
Biological need for Potassium:
“Potassium is one of the body’s electrolytes, which are minerals that carry an electric charge when dissolved in body fluids such as blood. (See also Overview of Electrolytes.)
“Most of the body’s potassium is located inside the cells. Potassium is necessary for the normal functioning of cells, nerves, and muscles.
“The body must maintain the potassium level in blood within a narrow range. A blood potassium level that is too high (hyperkalemia) or too low (hypokalemia) can have serious consequences, such as an abnormal heart rhythm or even stopping of the heart (cardiac arrest). The body can use the large reservoir of potassium stored within cells to help maintain a constant level of potassium in blood.” end quote. Source: Overview of Potassium’s Role in the Body
By James L. Lewis, III, MD, Attending Physician, Brookwood Baptist Health and Saint Vincent’s Ascension Health, Birmingham at https://www.merckmanuals.com/home/hormonal-and-metabolic-disorders/electrolyte-balance/overview-of-potassium-s-role-in-the-body
Potassium traditionally is considered to be resident in soft tissue. Actually it is basically everywhere in the body.
As we have seen above, 0.01% of all potassium, including potassium in the diet, is the radioactive isotope K40. Of all the naturally occurring radio active chemicals it is this 0.01% of all potassium which gives life on earth its most significant dietary internal radiation dose. Potassium is essential for life and without it, we would all quickly die.
Cesium occurs naturally in the form of one stable isotope: “Caesium (IUPAC spelling) or cesium (American spelling)[note 1] is a chemical element with symbol Cs and atomic number 55. It is a soft, silvery-gold alkali metal with a melting point of 28.5 °C (83.3 °F), which makes it one of only five elemental metals that are liquid at or near room temperature.[note 2] Caesium has physical and chemical properties similar to those of rubidium and potassium. The most reactive of all metals, it is pyrophoric and reacts with water even at −116 °C (−177 °F). It is the least electronegative element, with a value of 0.79 on the Pauling scale. It has only one stable isotope, caesium-133. Caesium is mined mostly from pollucite, while the radioisotopes, especially caesium-137, a fission product, are extracted from waste produced by nuclear reactors.” Wikipedia.
Cesium is not needed by the body, but due to it’s chemical similarity to potassium, it is called a potassium analogue by people who study radio-biochemistry. analogue: similar to but not the same as. Cesium cannot perform the same critical to life functions as potassium does. A potassium deficit person will end up with a medical emergency requiring treatments including proper potassium intake. The administration of cesium in any form to such a person instead of potassium would not end the medical emergency.
The cesium would go to the same tissues (soft tissue and everywhere else) but cesium cannot perform the same functions in the body as potassium. And this is the fact : Cesium does go to the same tissues (muscles) and everywhere else that potassium does. And in fact cesium is useless to the body, is not a nutrient and is toxic to the body. Even in its naturally occurring stable form. It has been a number of years now since the Canadian government was moved to issue a public health warning against the then apparently common (in Canada at least) home brew alleged (and useless) cancer remedy of taking stable cesium supplements. People were dying of cesium induced heart disease. Not only did those poor people suffer cancer, their desperate attempts at a home cure caused them more suffering and an earlier death than had they just listened to their doctors and oncologists.
I know a person which whom I have lived since the day I was born. The person was born with a heart condition. Now in his 60’s he was recently diagnosed with a mild (at the moment) form of heart failure. According to proper doctors anyway. Only the nuclear industry would suggest that exposure to its cesium releases into the biosphere would be an aid and nothing to worry about for this person, who I know precisely as well as I know myself. With luck this person will, in the best possible of world’s, simply drop dead from his cardiac status dictates. A sudden and relatively death compared to 5 years of fighting cancer, as increasing numbers of people in the modern have to put up with.
Of all the bullshit the nuclear lobby put out from the fifties to the present time, the tissue of lies which has caused me to choose to actualise the most anger in response (we all choose our emotional tone, mostly by reflex, but reflex anger tends to block rationality. It is better to choose anger as a targeted tool and thus be able to think at the same time. Women tend to be far better at doing that than men, in my observation.)
0.01% of potassium is the comparatively weakly radioactive isotope K40. Compared to the many radioactive isotopes of cesium the nuclear industry invented and produces in industrial quantities, (the industry does not produce any stable forms of the poison called cesium) it can be seen a mere slither of all potassium is radioactive whereas 100% of all fission cesium is radioactive. It is not only bananas which are rich in potassium which is essential for life.
And this brings us to the bullshit known as the The Banana Equivalent Dose Wikipedia explains this industry cook up as follows:
“Banana equivalent dose (BED) is an informal measurement of ionizing radiation exposure, intended as a general educational example to compare a dose of radioactivity to the dose one is exposed to by eating one average-sized banana. Bananas contain naturally occurring radioactive isotopes, particularly potassium-40 (40K), one of several naturally-occurring isotopes of potassium. One BED is often correlated to 10-7 Sievert (0.1 µSv); however, in practice, this dose is not cumulative, as the principal radioactive component is excreted to maintain metabolic equilibrium. The BED is only meant to inform the public about the existence of very low levels of natural radioactivity within a natural food and is not a formally adopted dose measurement.” Wikipedia at https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Banana_equivalent_dose But the industry loves the idea of the B.E.D. as much or more as I love cranking up Dylan’s Love Minus Zero No Limit on a wind up gramophone. Time for a song.
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=G7P5j1ODlTw Dylan sure as shit wasn’t writing about the nuclear industry and its lobbyists. He was writing about being authentic and of the importance of being true. Even if one cannot add up for nuts.
“The banana equivalent dose is an informal measurement, so any equivalences are necessarily approximate, but it has been found useful by some as a way to inform the public about relative radiation risks.
Approximate doses of radiation in sieverts, ranging from trivial to lethal. The BED is the third from the top in the blue section (from Randall Munroe)
The radiation exposure from consuming a banana is approximately 1% of the average daily exposure to radiation, which is 100 banana equivalent doses (BED). The maximum permitted radiation leakage for a nuclear power plant is equivalent to 2,500 BED (250 μSv) per year, while a chest CT scan delivers 70,000 BED (7 mSv). A lethal dose of radiation is approximately 35,000,000 BED (3500 mSv)” Wikipedia, as above.
From March 2011 on, nuclear advocates and industry flooded the internet with propaganda based upon conclusions drawn from the concept of the Banana Equivalent Dose.
And it is here, precisely, that one can certainly describe the defining characteristics of naturally occurring radioactive nutrients and the radio chemicals mass produced artificially by nuclear industry by the use of slow fission and by the military in fast fission.
The crux of the matter is this: the copious release of radio cesium in Japan in 2011 is not a nutrient, it is a chemical toxin and a radiological hazard with no benefit to the individual. The exact opposite of eating a banana, even though the cesium spewed by a massed rank of failed reactors and the potassium from a eating a banana end up in the same tissues.
What the industry and its advocates ignore is the radio bio chemistry. As if they don’t want us to be able to think for ourselves.
That is how dumb they clearly think we are. K + Cs = total dose to same tissue with 0.01% of the K being weakly radioactive and with 100% of the fission Cs being radioactive at far higher levels of radioactivity per unit mass and with much higher levels of energy intrinsic to the Cs radiation compare to the K40.
Even a Russian trained Meerkat can graph the difference. Comparison involves a subtraction of the things being compared. Total absorbed dose involves ADDING UP all of the dose components insulting the same tissue. Simples.
All of the species which exist on Earth exist within a tension between life and death. While life is resilient, it is also finely balanced. The chances of existence for any individual within any species is remote. Life might be a universal constant, but so far, that happy theory remains unproven. Earth, as far as I can tell, is a rare place. Because it is a habitat for a myriad of species.
In the aftermath of March 2011, Japan, people reading the news could be forgiven for thinking that Fukushima Diiachi was a global leader as a hospital specialising in radiology. And that TEPCO executives and their global advocates (for me, especially their advocates at universities in Adelaide and Bedford Park) all held Nobel Prizes in medicine.
There were announcements that the public exposure from the perfectly safe reactors after they went pop in almost unison was “less than a yearly chest x ray”. And then every B.E.D. expert on the planet seemingly calculated how many bananas that was. This is March 2011. It is now October 2018. So how many bananas is that by now? The graph goes down, the cumulated absorbed dose continues to go up though within the exposed population. Like a bank account full of ionisations per second accreting like cents and dollars of fake money.
Bio accumulation. Biological half time from uptake in diet to excretion and decay. Depending upon the vectors and concentration of the fake food so kindly donated to the potato fields and onion crops afflicted at the time by the industry. A condiment as nourishing as a banana. Not.
Cesium is a toxin in any form, it is not a nutrient and it is not needed by the body. There is no banana equivalent for cesium. Cesium is not a consumable. It is a poison. The nuclear industry versions of cesium are far far more energetic and radioactive than K40 which comprises 0.01% of all potassium in the foodchain. There should not be any radio cesium in the foodchain.
But there is, and there has been since the era of nuclear weapons testing and the first reactors. That era where nuclear exhaust – fallout and biospheric movement of mass produced fission products – was promoted as normal by nuclear authorities and capitalists and communists as they fought for market dominance in the supermarket of political clap trap. Let’s see if I can find again a couple of relevant illustrations. A photo and a global map.
Source: Los Alamos National Labs historical photos. What are we looking at here? referring to DTIC, at http://www.dtic.mil/docs/citations/AD0435972 we find a precise document at http://www.dtic.mil/dtic/tr/fulltext/u2/435972.pdf Entitled “PROJECT FISHBOWL EFFECTS ON OMEGA VLF TRANSMISSIONS. PHASE AND AMPLITUDE EFFECTS DURING EVENTS STARFISH, BLUEGILL TRIPLE PRIME, AND KINGFISH
Corporate Author : NAVY ELECTRONICS LAB SAN DIEGO CA .
The photo above shows, in part, the spread of nuclear fission products etc mass produced by a smallish nuclear weapon detonation high in the atmosphere. The nukers called the series Operation Fishbowl. Perfectly safe they said. It produced X number of equivalent bananas. According to industry experts on the internet. Which were of negative dietary and radiological value to any life form on the planet. Minute physical amounts of fission products (radionuclides, radio isotopes, nuclear exhaust, call em what you will, but not bananas. (Although Matthew Chapter 7 verse 16 may apply.)
Being ions, the fission products followed the magnetic field lines of the planet. Though some of the fission products fell out along the way, some of the fruit piece equivalents fell out prior to reaching the arctic circle. Auroa Bananarama. Now where’s that map? Found it! :
“Cesium 137 from nuclear weapon testing fallout (1995 figures). (2004). In UNEP/GRID-Arendal Maps and Graphics Library. Retrieved 09:48, August 2, 2011”
Or, according the nuclear advocates, how to grow bananas in the arctic circle.
The nuclear industry and its advocates/ sales staff will say I am falsely conflating fission products mass produced from bombs with fission products mass produced from reactors.
However, where failure of containment occurs in civil nuclear industry, the biochemistry of the fission produced by reactors is the same. The only difference is the modes and results of distribution concentration in the biosphere. Does the average Moose in northern Canada care whether the cesium in the lichen it is eating came from a bomb or one of the failed Canadian reactors ? (See https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_nuclear_power_accidents_by_country#Canada and https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_nuclear_power_accidents_by_country )
I refer to the publication “Cesium-137 in Alaskan Lichens, Caribou and Eskimos
Hanson W. C.
Health Physics: April 1967 at https://journals.lww.com/health-physics/Abstract/1967/04000/Cesium_137_in_Alaskan_Lichens,_Caribou_and_Eskimos.7.aspx
“Cesium-137 concentrations in Alaskan arctic ecosystem components during the period 1962–1965 varied with seasonal and environmental conditions, emphasizing the important influence of ecologic factors upon fallout accumulation in the lichen–caribou(reindeer)–man food chain.
Concentrations in lichens at Anaktuvuk Pass, Alaska increased with time and varied among several species. Caribou flesh contained maximum 137Cs levels during winter periods and lowest values during summer months corresponding to lichen utilization. Body burdens in natives utilizing the caribou as a food base reflected the 137Cs cycle in caribou flesh, but lagged by a few months. Maximum values occurred during summer and minimum values were found during mid-winter.
Biological half-time of 137Cs was estimated to be about 13 years in lichens by measuring retention of 137Cs artificially applied to natural lichen communities, three to five weeks in caribou and about 65 days in Eskimos.
Cesium-137 concentrations increased by about a factor of two at each successive trophic level of the food chain. The trend with time was one of steady increase, although unusual variations occurred during 1964 and 1965 and were believed to be associated with caribou migration patterns. Recent data suggest 137Cs body burdens of the Anaktuvuk Pass Eskimos will continue to increase during the summer of 1966 in contrast to the downward trend reported in Scandinavia.
©1967Health Physics Society”
There is no mention in the above paper of the use of radio cesium as a dietary substitute for bananas in this paper. There is no difference between cesium fission isotopes generated by nuclear weapons and nuclear reactors. There is no natural form of radio active cesium in nature. Before 1945 there was no radio cesium in the planetary food chain.
And so that’s the difference between the fission products produced for profit by nuclear industry, of which weapon produced fission products are a tax payer funded exact biochemical match. The alleged conflating of bomb fission fallout and reactor contamination of the biosphere assumes nuclear industry has never caused its fission products to enter the biosphere. The continued industry that such contamination has never happened is as lunatic as a the claim by a boiler maker welder or his boss employed at Fukushima Diiachi that the fission product releases by that industrial site entitled to make medical pronouncements applied to the masses of people given free exposures to those radio chemical.
Finally, for this post, here is a quizz: Spot the nuclear power worker and spot the Banana farmer. Send your answers to the VC Research, Flinders University. cc it to Sykes in Genetics.
Next : Medical Ethics and Human Radiation Experiments in the Age of Personalised Medicine and fully informed consent.
Or why Channel 9 and Mr Heard committed a major sin in Episode 34 of Australian Sixty Minutes last Sunday.