Testimony of Dr Cronkite before the US Congressional Hearings of 1957

The following testimony can be compared with what the affected people themselves say about their afflications at that time and since. Modern health physics is on the record firmly contesting the testimony of the victims. There is no doubt about that.

JOINT COMMITTEE ON ATOMIC ENERGY Congressional Hearings SUMMARY-ANALYSIS OF HEARINGS MAY 27-29, AND
JUNE 3-‘7,1957 ON THE NATURE OF RADIOACTIVE FALLOUT AND ITS EFFECTS ON MAN AUGUST 1957

P935 STATEMENT OP DE. EUGENE P. CRONKITE, BROOKHAVEN
NATIONAL LABORATORY

P936
I have been asked to summarize the early effects of exposure of animals and man to external radiation with particular reference to effects of fallout radiation on the Marshallese,
P946
Four women in the Rongelap group were pregnant when brought to Kwajalein. Two
were in the first trimester, one in the second trimester and one in the third trimester.
There were no abnormal symptoms referable to pregnancy. As far as could be
determined the pregnancy continued in the normal fashion.
In the Ailinginae group of 69 r, one woman was in the second trimester. Fetal
movements were unaffected in the individual in third trimester. The pregnant women
had a marked depression of platelet counts but at no time was there any vaginal
bleeding. At 12-month reexamination of the above women, all had delivered. One
baby was born dead; the others were normal.
In the case of the one stillborn, irradiation occurred to the mother either before
conception or early in the first trimester. It is possible
that the irradiation may have contributed but there is no way to prove this.
P947
Evidence for the development of Skin lesions commenced approximately 2 weeks after exposure.
During the early stages or development of the lesions, itching, burning and slight pain
were experienced with the more superficial lesions.
With deeper lesions the pain was more severe. The deeper foot lesions were the
most painful and caused some of the people to walk on their
heels for several days during the acute stages. Some of the more severe lesions of
the neck and axillae were painful. There were no
constitutional symptoms associated with the skin lesions.

The characteristic sequence of events in the development of the lesions was the
occurrence of symptoms, then of black pigmented areas,
small in size, which grew larger in size and coalesced. Later the skin began to shed
from the inside of the pigmented plaques to the outside, and in some cases resulted
in the production of large depigmented areas. In most of the lesions the shedding
was limited to the superficial layers of the skin. In some the process continued with
the development of superficial ulcers. A few became infected.

The appearance of these skin burns can best be illustrated by referral to chapter III of
reference 1 where Kodachrome pictures illustrate the sequence of events.
In addition to the skin burns, loss of hair, spotty in nature, occurred in some of the
individuals. The hair grew in again with normal color
and texture and the re growth was complete in all except possibly one middle-aged
man in whom it came in somewhat sparsely. Small pieces if skin were removed
surgically from some of the burned areas for microscopic study. These pieces of skin
demonstrate the typical findings of radiation injury. Some of the skin burns became
infected, particularly those on the feet, and were treated locally by cleansing and
applications of antibiotic ointments. The skin burns healed in
most cases with return of normal color and texture of the skin, and (word not legible)
some cases scars were left with depigmented areas.
The worst burn occurred on the back of the ear of a middle aged man. It produced a
permanent scar with absence of pigment and abnormal
blood vessels and a slight horny growth of the overlying skin has developed. The
skin has been carefully observed at 6 months, 12
months, 2 years, and 3 years after exposure, and there is no evidence at the present
time of any breakdown in the early burns of the skin,
there is no evidence of the development of cancer at this time. In time the
depigmented scars are still evident. The individuals have
been seen on two occasions by a plastic surgeon, Dr. Bradford Cannon, of the
Harvard Medical School, who feels that no plastic repair is necessary and that the
prognosis in general is good.

FACTORS INFLUENCING SEVERITY OF THE LESIONS
Certain lessons were learned from the Marshallese experience.
Burns were caused by direct contact of the radioactive material with the skin. The
perspiration as common in the tropics, the delay in decontamination and the
difficulties in decontamination certainly favored the development of the skin burns.
Those individuals who remained indoors or under trees during the fallout developed
less
severe skin burns. The children who went wading in the ocean developed
P948
fewer lesions of the feet and most of the Americans who were more aware of the
dangers of the fallout, took shelter in aluminum
buildings and bathed and changed clothes. Consequently they developed only very
mild beta burns.
Lastly, a single layer of cotton material offered almost complete protection, as was
demonstrated by the fact that skin burns developed almost entirely on the exposed
parts of the body.
The prognosis of beta skin burns and radiation burns of the skin is excellently
described in chapter III of reference 1.

P949
INTERNAL ABSORPTION OF RADIONUCLIDES

During the 2 days before evacuation, the Rongelap people lived
Under conditions of extreme contamination without any concerted efforts to protect
themselves against the dangers of internal contamination. These individuals drank
contaminated water, and ate their natural foodstuffs which were contaminated
externally. Their hands were contaminated; they inhaled and obviously ingested
certain indeterminate amounts of material.

The body burdens of isotopes in these individuals was evaluated by biochemical
analysis of the urine of the exposed people and assisted by studies on swine. These
swine were removed from the island at a later date.
The urinary and fecal excretion was studied and ultimately the animals were killed.

Extensive radiochemical analyses were made of their entire bodies. By comparison, approximations of body burdens of radionuclides was made. From a combination of primary excretion and animal studies estimates were made of the probable body burden. Rare and alkaline earths accounted for about 70 percent of the urine radioactivity. Strontium 89 was about at the maximum permissible level……

End quote.

Was the Sr89 level in urine – determined to be “about at” the maximum permissible level under, over or sideways Dr Cronkite? What about the other stuff?

Today when lay people speak in such terms, the paid experts jump down throats for lack of knowledge and precision. The politics behind these hearings and the limits of disclosure placed upon them by Strauss and Holifield are well known. Holifield was a fully qualified tailor of men’s fashion prior to gaining his position as a politician in charge of such hearings.

Cronkite honestly admitted the beta burns, not attempting to name them “psorasis” or anything else. The diagnosis was confirmed as a result of Cronkite sending samples of the affected human skin to Pearson at the AEC. Pearson carefully compared the human skin with the specimens taken from cattle hide taken from the similarly afflicted livestock heards of Nevada and Utah. At one Cronkite messaged Pearson, asking him to hurry up, as the Islanders were growing restive at the painful process of donating their skin to US research.

The lesions on the human skin and the lesions on the cattle skin, Pearson concluded was the same.

The information presented to the Congressional hearings was prettied up, the exchanges between Cronkite and Pearson only appearing in then secret documents which were declassified and included in the 1994 opennet database.

None of this has helped the Australian Aboriginal people who did suffer the same local radiation injury to skin as the Marshal Islanders. This Australian exposure resulted from the two bomb tests known as Totem 1 and Totem 2. At the very least. However the American record does present some truth of the matter for Australians to read, if there are any left with the motivation to read of such things.

A couple of final points.

I am not suggesting the the exposures suffered as a result of the three predicatable reactor failures (Ergen, AEC, 1967) in Japan in March 2011 are similar to the exposures suffered by the crew of the Lucky Dragon or the people of the Marshal Islands. The ones closest in are the most affected.

However, in the matter of the hide lesions reported by the cattle still living in the Fukushima zone (because their owners refuse to leave their live stock) needs mentioning.

Pictures of these Fukushima cattle and the stories of the farmers who refuse to comply with orders to destroy their stock and leave the exclusion is a testament to the myth of Fukushima published repeatedly by authorities.

And that is : Fukushima did no harm. What crap. The exclusion zone is not a safe place. What areas actually should be in included in the exclusion zone is a matter of intense debate and argument in Japan. The decontamination of spaces outside the zone which are deemed safe are contingent upon which school of thought one holds and who one chooses to believe. Given the events and distortions published by nuclear authorities since March 2011, it is little wonder that many affected Japanese people are reluctant to take government at its word that return home to previously contaminated properties is safe. All the steam cleaning and raking of leaves in the world will not convince people who hold grounds for doubt. The biggest basis for doubt being the decades old campaign of proclaiming the then new reactors were perfectly safe that no disaster would occur. Anyone who disagreed was isolated, any scientist who disagreed lost tenture and promotion, in a re run of the fate of Linus Pauling.

And so when I read in relation to the Fukushima cattle that government scientists first refused to examine the cattle suffering lesions to their hides, I was appalled. But this soon passed when I read that examination of the cattle had taken place and that no expert in Japan could say what the lesions were.

Japanese farmers are expert. So are the Japanese vets. For government to proclaim local radiation injury to hide a mystery is quite beyond the pale.

ABC News USA
Fukushima Farmers Appeal to Tokyo With Live Bull
TOKYO — Jun 20, 2014, 2:20 AM
By ELAINE KURTENBACH Associated Press

Two Japanese farmers whose livelihoods were wrecked by the 2011 nuclear disaster staged a protest Friday at Tokyo’s agriculture ministry, scuffling briefly with police as they unsuccessfully tried to unload a bull from a truck.

Masami Yoshizawa and fellow farmer Naoto Matsumura have remained at their farms to care for their own and others’ abandoned livestock in areas where access has been restricted due to radiation fears since the March 2011 meltdowns at the Fukushima Dai-Ichi nuclear plant.

The two drove down from Fukushima, bringing the black bull in the back of a truck, to appeal for help with the livestock, some of which have developed unexplained white spots on their hides.

Yoshizawa and Matsumura are among thousands of farmers who lost their livelihoods when their farms, produce and livestock were declared off-limits and unsafe after the nuclear plant, crippled by a massive earthquake and tsunami spewed radiation into the countryside.

They want the farm ministry or other government agencies to help them figure out what is causing the spots on the animals’ hides and to stop culling abandoned livestock and burning radiation-contaminated vegetation they need to feed the animals.

“The ministry told us they don’t know what is causing the spots. Well, they need to do more research and figure it out. They can’t just run away, saying they don’t know,” Yoshizawa said.


Source: SBS TV Australia, live from Fukushima, 2013.

The Cronkite – Pearson documents relevant to beta burn to livestock:

“Some of the lesions that are developing are beginning to resemble the beta burns that occurred in
sheep and cattle…” Cronkite refers to an early report by “Pearson”, “available
through the AEC”. He cites this early report as a diagnostic aid. Source: Cronkite, E.P., “MEMO, SUBJECT: BIOPSIES OF SKIN”, Unclassified, CASTLE OPERATION; BRAVO EVENT; BETA LESIONS; BETA BURNS; SKIN BIOPSIES; MEDICAL SURVEILLANCE, DOE/NV Nuclear Testing Archive, P.O. Box 98521, City: Las Vegas, State: NV, Zip: 89193-8521.

SHEEP LOSSES IN UTAH – AUTOPSY CORRESPONDENCE” (PEARSON, TERRILL, SPENDLOVE, HOLMES, BROWER ) EXPERIMENTALLY INDUCED BETA BURNS Document Location: DOE/NV Nuclear Testing Archive, P.O. Box 98521, City: La Vegas, State: NV, Zip: 89193-8521, Phone:(702)295-0712, Fax:(702)295-1808, Email:cic@nv.doe.gov Publication Date: 1953 Nov 09 Declassification Status: Never Document Pages: 0145
Accession Number: NV0020588 Originating Research Org.: UTAH- DEPARTMENT OF HEALTH.

“AEC MEMO FOR INFORMATION – REPORT ON SHEEP LOSSES ADJACENT TO THE NEVADA PROVING GROUNDS” Author(s): PEARSON, P.B. (* AEC-DIVISION OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE) Subject Terms: SHEEP; BETA LESIONS; IODINE 131; UPSHOT OPERATION; STRONTIUM 90; YTTRIUM 90; INJURIES; THYROID; RADIATION DOSES; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; UPSHOTKNOTHOLE OPERATION Document Location: DOE/NV Nuclear Testing Archive, P.O. Box 98521, City: LasVegas, State: NV, Zip: 89193-8521, Phone:(702)295- 0712 Fax:(702)295-1808, Email:cic@nv.doe.gov Publication Date: 1953 Dec 16Accession Number: NV0121804;

“LETTER TO C A BRESNAHAN, SUBJECT: ACKNOWLEDGE LETTER OF DECEMBER 18 RE THE EFFECT OF RADIOACTIVE FALL-OUT MATERIAL ON LIVESTOCK.” Dec 1953 [10] Author(s): PEARSON, P. B. (AEC-DIVISION OF BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE) Subject Terms: UPSHOT-KNOTHOLE OPERATION; ANIMALS; LIVESTOCK; FALLOUT; RADIOACTIVITY; EFFECTS; DOMESTIC ANIMALS; BETA PARTICLES; INJURIES; CATTLE; HORSES; NEVADA TEST SITE (NTS) OPERATIONS
Document Location: DOE/NV Nuclear Testing Archive, P.O. Box 98521, City: Las Vegas, State: NV, Zip: 89193-8521, Phone:(702)295-0712, Fax:(702)295-1808, Email:cic@nv.doe.gov Document Type: CORRESPONDENCE, LETTERS, MEMOS
Publication Date: 1953 Dec 28 Declassification Status: Never Accession Number: NV0404939, Pearson states: “It is of course, a matter of record that in some tests by the Commission there has been sufficient fallout to produce beta radiation lesions on cattle and horses.”

“LETTER TO J C BUGHER: MEETING ABOUT LIVESTOCK LOSSES AROUND NPG (SHEEP, CATTLE, HORSES)” ( 25948 ) Author(s): PEARSON, P.B. Subject Terms: DOMESTIC ANIMALS; INJURIES; HORSES; CATTLE; LESIONS; BIOLOGICAL MATERIALS; SAMPLING; SHEEP; BETA LESIONS; RADIATION DOSES; RANCHERS; IODINE 131; RADIATION EFFECTS; ANIMALS; BIOLOGICAL EFFECTS Document Location: DOE/NV Nuclear Testing Archive, P.O. Box 98521, City: Las Vegas, State: NV, Zip: 89193-8521, Phone:(702)295-0712, Fax:(702)295-1808, Email:cic@nv.doe.gov
Document Type: CORRESPONDENCE, LETTERS, MEMOS Publication Date: 1953 Jun 21 Declassification Status: Never Accession Number: NV0001290 Originating Research Org.: ATOMIC ENERGY COMMISSION-DIVISION OF BIOLOGY AND Medicine]

It is lunacy for the Japanese government to claim is has no idea what the beta burns on the hide of the Fukushima cattle. In the absence of proof of such utter ignorance on the part of government, the public record proclaims an alternative. That the government is not ignorant and is therefore failing to gain public trust in this matter. Cows don’t take a bath. Not even on Friday nights, Mr Abe.

Excuse me for getting a tad upset. In this setting is surprising that people around the world say NO to any dose at all from the nukers? Views with the same stature by this public, the authorities may as well be muggers offering a safe length of stabbing knife.

By saying they don’t know, they do not have to discount Beta lesion in a peer reviewed document. I’d actually love to see such a paper. “This cannot be beta burn causing necrosis to horn and some hide, depigmentation to other places – all of which would indicate the places of highest doses – the rump when the cattle rest in their characteristic fashion, around the eyes, lips and face – the places closest to contaminated grass when the cattle graze. In any event the lesions evident on the cattle cannot be beta burns because each wound indicates 6,000 – 12,000 roentgen of dose. As we all know, even at its worst, Fukushima was perfectly safe, no cause for worry, no harm done, even when people were ordered to stay indoors at 30 kms for fear of immediate symptoms. No, Fukushima was a perfectly managed event of no cause for health concerns, the Prime Minister at the time who contradicted this on 15 March 2011 is contradicted by the British Chief scientist. Nope, can’t possibly be beta lesions, no matter what the record says. We therefore don’t know what it is, because the only thing it could be it isn’t.

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